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As you know by now, your braces are designed to shift your teeth into the positions necessary to create an aligned bite. Today we’re going to take a closer look at how this is accomplished.

Your braces are a network of wires, brackets, and bands working together to move your teeth. This is done by applying constant, gentle pressure to cause them to shift over time. This movement is also called bone remodeling.

You typically see the shift happening with your teeth because they are above the gumline. But there’s movement occurring below the gumline which you can’t see. This is where the teeth attach to the jaw bone. The roots of the teeth are surrounded by a small gap of gum tissue or periodontal ligament, this is the elastic fibers that connect your teeth to the bone.

As the wires and brackets exert pressure on the periodontal ligaments, the sides of the tooth roots are also compressed, and this loosens them from their current position. This movement affects the bone in the jaw (alveolar bone) that alters from the pressure, creating new bone on one side and removing one on the other (resorption) to support the new position of the tooth.

Your regularly scheduled orthodontic adjustments, allow our orthodontist to check on your progress and then make corresponding adjustments to the archwires to keep the proper pressure on the teeth to keep the shift in progress. Scheduling your visits in six-week intervals allows enough time for your teeth to move while allowing the bone to remodel.

To stay on track with your orthodontic timeline, be sure to show up for each adjustment appointment. If you have any questions or concerns, please call James B. Macomson, DDS, MSO, PA in Gastonia, North Carolina at 704-215-4430. Our orthodontist, Dr. James B. Macomson and our team are here for you!